Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent. Officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Jordan is on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The Kingdom borders Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, West Bank and Israel, sharing control of the Dead Sea with the latter. Jordan's only port is at its south-western tip, the Gulf of Aqaba, which is shared with Israel, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia.
The official language is Arabic, and English is the second spoken language. The local currency is Jordanian Dinars (JOD), and is ranked 38th out of 179 countries in the Index of Economic Freedom 2001 as per The Wall Street Journal and the Heritage Foundation.
The climate in Jordan is semi-dry in summer with average temperature in the mid 30 °C (86 °F) (mid 90°F) and relatively cold in winter averaging around 13 °C (55 °F). The western part of the country receives greater precipitation during the winter season from November to March and snowfall in Amman (756 m (2,480 ft) ~ 1,280 m (4,199 ft) above sea-level) and Western Heights of 500 m (1,640 ft). The weather is humid from November to March and semi dry for the rest of the year. With hot, dry summers and cool winters during which practically all of the precipitation occurs, the country has a Mediterranean-style climate.
Jordan has quite an advanced health care system and is ranked by the World Bank to be the number one health care services provider in the region and among the top 5 in the world, as well as being the top medical tourism destination in the Middle East and North Africa.
Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial center and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The Greater Amman area has a population of 2,842,629 as of 2010. Amman was named one of the MENA's best cities according to economic, labor, environmental, and socio-cultural factors. Amman is among the most popular locations for multinational corporations to set up their regional offices, alongside Doha and only behind Dubai.
The city's largest airport, Queen Alia International Airport, situated about 30 km (18.64 mi) South of Amman, and less than 10 km East of Madaba is the major international airport in Jordan and the hub for Royal Jordanian, the flag carrier.
The architectural and urban development of Madaba reflects the particular historical, religious, and social circumstances of the town’s resettlement in the late 19th century, as well as contemporary trends in architectural style and building techniques. They are seen in the civil, religious, and vernacular architecture of the town and in buildings that established its unique character; a character that still exists.
All banks in Madaba are located at the city center within few meters from the St. George church; they open from 8.30am till 3.30pm, and are closed on Fridays and Saturdays (the official national weekend in Jordan).
Accommodation in Madaba is easy to find, as hotels are available for tourists, and apartments for rent for those who wish to live in the historic mosaic city.
The American University of Madaba is located around 7Km southeast of the city center of Madaba.Madaba has plenty of restaurants, both oriental and modern, where you can find traditional Arabic menus and other international. Most of the restaurants are located in the city center of Madaba.